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2015年重庆专升本英语真题及答案(3)

2020-08-03 23:37:10    来源:重庆专升本    点击:
  Passage Three

  Most students choose “Homestay” accommodation when they study abroad:others select Homestay even if they are not on a study visit.Statistics show that it’s a form of accommodation gaining in popularity all the time.

  But what is Homestay? And what makes it so popular?

  Homestay means living with a family,or“host family”as we say.There are three ways of doing it:choose to learn English in a language school near to your Homestay location:

  have your English classes in the house with a member of the family who is a qualified teacher;

  select not to have classes at all when you visit——a popular choice if you want to do the tourist thing for example.

  Even in their busy summer period the organizations that arrange the Homestays will always try to place you with the most suitable host family to match your requirements.Placement(安置)organizations think about location,interests,language level,eating requirements,allergies (过敏)and other requests you may have.

  Though prices vary according to your needs,good quality Homestay accommodation can be relatively economical--and although you may be charged an extra amount of money if you want your Homestay in or near the city center.Even if you stay further out,you can expect your journey into the center not to exceed 30 minutes.

  Not only does Homestay accommodation represent value for money, it also gives you an excellent opportunity to practice English with your host family.This is a very important extra for students who like to speak as much English as possible. But if you plan to learn English,why not have your English classes in your host family. There’s no better way to learn English than this—the perfect combination of learning and accommodation combined with the cultural experience !

  第44题单选 Homestay is an ideal choice for students who __________ .

  A.plan to visit relatives

  B.want to stay at home

  C.plan to study overseas

  D.want to learn statistics

  参考答案:C

  第45题单选 Who will consider students’requirements before their Homestay starts?

  A.The English teacher.

  B.The placement organization.

  C.The host family.

  D.The language school.

  参考答案:B

  第46题单选 Which of the following is a key factor affecting the price of Homestay?

  A.Nationality of the host family.

  B.Eating habits of the host family.

  C.Students’language level.

  D.Students’specific needs.

  参考答案:D

  第47题单选 What can be inferred from the passage?

  A.The author is in favor of Homestay accommodation.

  B.The author is doubtful about the safety of Homestay.

  C.The author finds Homestay arrangement complicated.

  D.The author finds Homestay accommodation expensive.

  参考答案:A

  Passage Four

  Using 1ess energy around the home is easier than you might think,saving you money while creating a heathier,more comfortable living space for you and your family. Changing a few old habits can make an impact on your energy bill, your comfort and the environment. Here are some handy tips to make your house more energy-efficient.

  Lower the heat

  If your home has adjustable central heating,lowering the room temperature even slightly can make a difference. You may not feel it,but your wallet will. It is even more advisable to control temperatures at different times of the day.

  Hang clothes out to dry

  If the weather allows it,head outside and dry your laundry on a clothesline. The sunlight will help eliminate bacteria and dust. While clothes dryers get the job done faster,they also use up energy.By hanging your clothes out you’ll be cutting greenhouse gases by about three kilograms per load.

  Take advantage of natural light

  Installing large windows on the northern side of your house can help you make use of sunlight’s natural warmth. To stay cool indoors on hot summer days,install blinds(百叶窗) to block the heavy sun.Put your desk near the window,then you don’t need a lamp in the daytime.

  Wrap(裹)your pipes

  Be sure your hot—water pipes are properly wrapped.In an average home,heating water

  accounts for more than one—quarter of the energy bill.Why let warmth go to waste before it reaches you?

  Choose the right size for appliances(家用电器)

  When the time comes to replace appliances,select those that are both energy—efficient and of the appropriate size for your needs.Don’t buy bigger ones just because you can.

  第48题单选 What benefit may using less energy at home bring about?

  A.Having a healthier living environment.

  B.Improving your work efficiency.

  C.Keeping old habits unchanged.

  D.Enlarging your living space.

  参考答案:A

  第49题单选 Which of the following is one of the advantages of hanging clothes out to dry?

  A.It may help to build a greenhouse.

  B.It helps remove bacteria in clothes.

  C.It uses half the energy that clothes dryers do.

  D.It gets clothes dry much faster than clothes dryers.

  参考答案:B

  第50题单选 What can be installed on the northern side of your house to make better use of natural light?

  A.Blinds.

  B.Curtains.

  C.Windows.

  D.Shades.

  参考答案:C

  第51题单选 Besides energy-efficiency,what else should be considered when replacing appliances?

  A.Replacing time.

  B.Reasonable price.

  C.Good quality.

  D.Proper size.

  参考答案:D

  Passage Five

  As we recently discovered,there is a Stepmother’s Day,though it is not on any official holiday calendar.So,it would be safe to assume that there is a similar day for stepdads,too.

  Right? Well,it depends on what you read.A Google search brought up posts that say,for example,“It’s on father’s day--father’s day is for fathers,step—fathers and people who are like fathers to you-it’s a day for making father figures feel special.”Further searching found a Stepfather’s Day Facebook page that says,“The unofficial Stepfather’s Day is the fourth Sunday of June.”

  Unfortunately,as of the publishing of this article,only 30 people have “liked” the page.Considering that studies show 3.3 million men,or 11.1%of U.S.fathers,live with at least one stepchild,that’s only a drop in the ocean.

  It’s interesting to note that there is a National Grandparents’ Day.President Jimmy Carter signed it into law in 1978.Law! While grandparents are undoubtedly special people in our children’s lives,they are often seen as the most loving family members.But what about the stepparents? The stepparents are the ones who are often the outsiders,the ones who have to endure the hurtful “You’re not my dad!” or “You’re not my mom!” And yet they never give up.

  They do their best to overcome the inherent challenges of stepparents and be role models for their stepchildren.These unsung(未被颂扬的)family heroes deserve “official” days of honor.Perhaps if we are loud enough,President Obama,who had a stepfather himself,will sign into law National Stepmother’s Day and National Stepfather’s Day.

  Are you with me? Follow me and get your voice heard.How cool it would be if we could make this happen!

  第52题单选 What does the underlined word“that’’in Paragraph 1 refer to?

  A.Father figures who are equally honored in the U.S.

  B.30 people who support Stepfather’s Day on the Facebook page.

  C.3.3 million men who live with at least one stepchild in the world.

  D.11.1%of U.S.fathers who live with at least one stepchild in the U.S.

  参考答案:B

  第53题单选 What did President Jimmy Carter sign into law in 1978 ?

  A.The National Grandparents’Day.

  B.The National Grandchildren’s Day.

  C.The National Stepparents’Day.

  D.The National Stepchildren’s Day.

  参考答案:A

  第54题单选 Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word“inherent”in paragraph 2 ?.

  A.Unbelievable.

  B.Tough

  C.Lasting.

  D.Inevitable.

  参考答案:D

  第55题单选 What is the reason for setting an official holiday for stepparents?

  A.Because they love their role as stepparents.

  B.Because they are often treated as heroes in the family.

  C.Because they deserve respect and honor as family members.

  D.Because they are often seen as the most loving family members。

  参考答案:C

  V. Daily Conversation( 15 points)

  Directions:Pick out appropriate expressions from the eight choices below and complete thefollowing dialogue by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  根据下面选项回答下面试题:

  A.Where are you going today

  B.That’s not our bus

  C.I'll catch up on my reading to kill time

  D.There isn’t a cloud in the sky

  E.Did you catch the news today

  F.How long have you been waiting

  G.Have a nice day

  H.Don’t forget your book

  Mary:We couldn’t ask for a better day,could we?

  John:I know. 56__________.I love this time of the year.

  Mary:This bus seems to be running late,doesn’t it? 57 __________ ?

  John:I've been here for at least ten minutes.

  Mary:Ah,here comes a bus!

  John:Oh good.Wait ! 58 __________ .That bus goes downtown.

  Mary:Well,it looks like we’11 be waiting a little longer. 59 __________ ,I guess.

  John:Oh,I'm afraid you have no time for that.Here’s our bus.

  Mary:Oh great! I thought it would never come.

  John: 60 __________ !

  Mary:You too.

  第56题简答 填入(56)处的最佳答案是()。

  参考答案:D

  第57题简答 填入(57)处的最佳答案是()。

  参考答案:F

  第58题简答 填入(58)处的最佳答案是()。

  参考答案:B

  第59题简答 填入(59)处的最佳答案是()。

  参考答案:C

  第60题简答 填入(60)处的最佳答案是()。

  参考答案:G

  VI. Writing ( 25 points)

  Directions :For this part,you are supposed to write an essay in English in 100 -120words based on the following information. Remember to write it clearly.

  你(Li Yuan)在英语学习中遇到了一些困难,希望得到帮助。请给你的英国笔友 (Jason)写封信,内容包括:

  ·介绍你学习英语的经历;

  ·描述你在英语学习中遇到的困难;

  ·希望笔友给你一些建议。

  参考答案: Dear Mr. Jason,

  I am a high school student and now I am going to take the College Entrance Examination. I am writing to you about my difficulties in learning English. In fact, I do well in other subjects, but English is my headache. I can't remember the new words and expressions I learned in class. So I often make a lot of mistakes in multiple choices and can't understand the articles fully because of my poor vocabulary. What's worse, I have trouble in listening to English. I totally can't understand what those people are talking in English. What should I do? You are an expert in teaching students English. I hope you can give me some suggestions to help me solve my problem. Looking forward to your reply.

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