Directions:For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices marked A, B, Cand D. Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corres-ponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
The Nobel Prizes are awards that are given each year for special things that people or groups ofpeople have achieved. They are awarded in six 21__________ : physics, chemistry, medicine, literature,peace and economics.
The prizes come from 22 __________ that was created by the Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel. He wanted
to use some of his money to help make the world a 23 __________ place to live in.
Many organizations, chosen by Alfred Nobel himself,24 __________ who receives the prizes. Eachaward 25 __________ a gold medal,a diploma and a lot of money. Prizes can only be given to 26__________ of allraces, countries and religions. Only the Peace Prize can 27 __________ be given to a group.
The first Nobel Prizes were handed out 28 __________ December 10,1901--five years after AlfredNobel's death. Nobel was a chemist, engineer and inventor 29 __________ most famous invention, dynamite(炸药) , made him a 30 __________ man. Although he gave the world such a 31 __________ w,~pon, Nobel wasalways against wars and 32__________. He therefore left a lot of money that was to go to those who did a lotfor the peace of 33__________
Officials at first handed out only five prizes a year. The prize for economics was first awarded in 1969. In some 34 __________ prizes were not awarded because there were no 35 __________ candidates.
All prizes are presented in Stockholm, Sweden, with the exception of the Peace Prize, which is awarded in Oslo, Norway.
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IV. Reading Comprehension ( 60 points)
Directions:There are five reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by fourquestions. For each question there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Chooseone best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
At first glance,there hardly seems to be any comparison between Ravenna and Rome,but backin the 5th century ,it was Ravenna that served as capital of the Western Roman Empire. In this city,Roman rulers built monuments which are famous, then and now, for their sweeping mosaics (镶嵌图案). Seven of Ravenna's eight buildings from the 5th and 6th centuries are spectacularly decoratedwith examples of this ancient art. "In the past, many people couldn't read or write," says tour guideand Ravenna native Silvia Giogoli. "Mosaics were a way to explain the religion and the political situ-ation to the people. " Visitors to Ravenna can look at pieces of art by ancient artists, listen to musicians, and learn to
make their own masterpieces.
When to Go:June--October; weather is pleasant in April and May but historic sites can get crowded with school groups.
Where to Stay:Walk through historic district sites from Albergo Cappello and stay at a modernHotel Centrale Byron.
How to Get Around:Take the train from Bologna, and then walk, bike, or use taxis within the city.
Where to Eat or Drink:Housed in a former movie theater, two-storey Ristorante Cinema Alex-ander blends 1940s Hollywood flavor with homemade Emilia Romagna courses and attentive service(helpful in translating the menu). For fresh seafood, try Osteria L'Accigua and Da Buco.
What to Buy : Watch the next generation of Emilia Romagna mosaic artists create contemporaryand traditional pieces in local studios where modern artists use the same methods as their Byzantineforefathers.
What to Read Before You Go:Ravenna in Late Antiquity, by Deborah Mauskopf Deliyannis-. 2010) ,provides a wide-ranging look at the city's art, architecture, and history.
第36题单选 In ancient times, mosaics were used to
A.display artistic achievements
B.compete with Roman paintings
C.explain religion and politics
D.teach reading and writing
第37题单选 Lots of school children visit historic sites such as Ravenna in
第38题单选 If you want to try fresh seafood,you should go to__________ .
B.Hotel Centrale Byron
C.Ristorante Cinema Alexander
D.Osteria L'Accigua and Da Buco
第39题单选 Why is Ravenna in Late Antiquity recommended in this passage?
A.Because it was written by a famous writer.
B.Because tourists get to learn a lot about the city from it.
C.Because tourists can get valuable tips for buying art pieces.
D.Because it provides useful information about the city's weather.
When you pat your pet dog, he wags (摆来摆去)his tail. That is his way of saying that he lovesyou. And, if you pay attention, you will see that he uses his tail to say so many things. Every move-ment of the tail means a different thing. If the dog is wagging its tail, it is a sign of friendliness ; if histail is straight, it means he is getting ready for a fight ; and if his tail is tucked (塞) behind his legs, itmeans he is giving up the fight.
Unlike dogs, cats' tail language is not so expressive. When a cat feels threatened, he puffs him-self up to appear big and his tail shakes with tension. And when he is displeased with something, helashes out(甩动) his tail.
The tail language of dogs and cats has a little story behind it. Earlier, when dogs and cats hadnot become friends with human beings, they were predators. They used to hunt other animals for theirfood. When dogs went out hunting with their friends, tail language came handy. When they were closeto each other, dogs could use facial expressions to talk. But, for long-distance c,o~mmunication, theyused their tails. Unlike dogs, cats liked to hunt alone. So, they did not need to use tail language toooften. As a result, their vocabulary in tail language is much smaller than that of dogs'.
第40题单选 What does it mean when a dog's tail is straight?
A.It has a lot to say to you.
B.It wants to stop fighting.
C.It is going to fight.
D.It likes to be patted.
第41题单选 A cat tries to appear big when it is __________ .
A.facing a danger
C.ready to hunt
第42题单选 Which of the following does the author intend to say?
A.Dogs and cats are not good friends.
B.Dogs are much friendlier than cats.
C.Dogs and cats are usually good pets.
D.Dogs use tail language more than cats.
第43题单选 In the last paragraph, the underlined word "predato.rs" refers to __________ .
A.animals that follow and obey other animals
B.animals that kill and eat other animals
C.animals that live in the wild
D.animals kept by people