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2014年重庆专升本英语真题及答案(3)

2020-08-03 23:39:05    来源:重庆专升本    点击:
  Like any teenagers, the face of One Teen Story is changing fast. Just a year old, the monthlymagazine of short fiction for young people is getting a new editor-in-chief: Patrick Ryan ,47, the asso-ciate editor of Granta from 2009 to 2013. He left the London-based literary journal last month.

  Editing One Teen Story--the younger sibling(姐妹篇)of One Story magazine--will offer Ryan achance to reach a whole new audience. "It's really the only magazine for young adult short fiction,"he says from his office in New York. "It's tremendously exciting that there are younger people outthere who have subscriptions and look forward to getting these stories once a month. That form is usu-ally only presented when it's forced upon them in schools. "

  Designed for readers 14 and up, One Teen Story publishes nine issues a year. Like its siblingmagazine, it doesn't carry photographs or advertising. It's just exactly what it says:one story per issue.Ryan says young people are "looking for engaging reads about people whom they can identifywith. It's not about having a message or positive spin (说教). It always starts on a character level,and it has to have an interesting story. If you look at the ' Twilight' characters and the ' HarryPotter' characters,they feel very contemporary. "

  Ryan also sees the magazine as a way to encourage talented authors. "I would love to make OneTeen Story the first publication for writers who then go on and keep at this business. I just really lovethe idea that this magazine would be the starting point for somebody--would be the push to make a talented writer feel that it was woah keeping at this.”

  第44题单选 Who is Patrick Ryan?

  A.He is the editor.in.chief of Granta.

  B.He is the editor—in—chief of One Story.

  C.He is the editor.in—chief of“Twilight”. 、

  D.He is the editor—in-chief of One Teen Story.

  参考答案:D

  第45题单选 What is One Teen Story?

  A.It is a story magazine for teenagers.

  B.It is a London—based literary iournal.

  C.It is a column of a newspaper.

  D.It is a magazine of science fiction.

  参考答案:A

  第46题单选 According to Ryan。what attracts young readers most? ’

  A.Photographs and illustration.

  B.Chances and practices in business.

  C.Characters and stories close to their life.

  D.Political teachings and moral messages.

  参考答案:C

  第47题单选 In the last paragraph,the underlined phrase“this business”means __________ .

  A.reading stories

  B.writing stories

  C.editing magazines

  D.making money

  参考答案:B

  Couples are restricting the size of their families in the UK because of cash worries brought on bvthe financial crisis and the subsequent decline.We’re now up to nearly 3.7 million families whelthere is an only child,a rise from about 3.3 million in 2005.That means nearlv half of all parentshave only one child. .

  Financial WOITies aren’t the only driver.The trend towards later motherhood has been mentionedas a cause,as have soaring costs of raising a child,which have been calculated as£222.500 frombirth t021 years of age.This is an increase of nearly 40%in lo years.

  The increasing availability of IVF(试管婴儿)is also a factor and an interesting one.Coupleswho might have remained childless in the past now invest in IVF and get pregnant.And because ofthe cost they stop after one child.

  It may not be a bad thin9;there are outstanding examples of talented only children.Some arguethat being an only child promoted their success.These include actors Natalie Portman and Al Paci.n0,golfer Tiger Woods and even Queen Victoria.A study from the Institute for Social and EconomicResearch at the University of Essex also showed that the fewer brothers and sisters a child has.thehappier they are.It seems fighting for parental attention and affection--which sometimes descendsinto physical fights—is more stressful than any adult had previously thought.And it's not compensa—ted(弥补)by having a playmate.

  第48题单选 The smaller size of UK families is mainlv related to __________ .

  A.financial problems

  B.technical Droblems

  C.health problems

  D.cull[ural Droblems

  参考答案:A

  第49题单选 The passage shows that IVF is __________ .

  A.safer than natural pregnancy

  B.very popular in UK

  C.very expensive

  D.a risky investment

  参考答案:C

  第50题单选 What is a proved advantage of one—child family?

  A.Improved family life.

  B.Higher number of sports stars.

  C.Efficient family education.

  D.Promotion of children’s success.

  参考答案:D

  第51题单选 The findings of the institute at the University of Essex might mean that__________ .

  A.the only children’s lack of playmates causes problems

  B.the only children are much happier than others

  C.parents—children relationship is off balance

  D.children have to struggle for parental love

  参考答案:B

  About 79 million Americans have pre—diabetes(糖尿病前期).That means they have blood sugarthat's higher than normal but not hi曲enough to be diagnosed(诊断)with type 2一at least not yet.One lon9.term study reposed by the American Diabetes Association found that l l%of people withpre—diabetes develop the full—blown disease each year.Another study shows that pre—diabetes willprobably become type 2 in lo years or less. 、

  Yet,that process is not inevitable.Last year,scientists in Colorado found that people withpre—diabetes who lowered their blood sugar to normal levels--even briefly--were 56%less likely toreach type 2 levels.

  Ⅱyou have pre—diabetes.here are four steps to help prevent or delay a diabetes diagnosis:

  Lose 7%of your body weight.That is about l5 pounds for the persons who weigh 200.Drop—ping that small percentage has been shown to lower the risk of developing type 2 by close t060%.Exercise 30 minutes five days a week.Whether you do the 30 minutes in one shot or in three10一minute sessions,the benefit is the same.Choose certain exercises,such as fast walkin9,playingtennis or lifting weights.Physical activity such as sweeping floors works,t00.

  Turn to your doctor.In some cases,pre—diabetes raises the risk of heart disease and stroke by50%.Your doctor may use some medicine to control your glucose(葡萄糖)levels and keep yourblood pressure in check.

  Know your numbers.To see if your pre-diabetes is improvin9,have your blood sugar checkedregularly.A fasting blood sugar of l00 t0125 mr=/dl suggests pre—diabetes;126 m9/dl or above isdiabetes;and below l00 is normal.Other tests,including glucose tolerance and AIC,also are used tomonitor blood sugar.

  第52题单选 What do we learn from the two studies mentioned in Paragraph l 7

  A.Pre—diabetes will surely become type 2 diabetes.

  B.Pre.diabetes is likely to become diabetes within years.

  C.Enough attention should be paid to the treatment of type 2.

  D.Pre.diabetes is ranked N0.1 danger threatening Americans’health.

  参考答案:B

  第53题单选 To prevent or delay a diabetes diagnosis,people with pre—diabetes should pay most atten。tion t0____________.

  A.glucose levels

  B.exercises

  C.heart disease

  D.stroke

  参考答案:A

  第54题单选 Which of the following suggests that you have pre-diabetes?

  A.70 mg/dl.

  B.90 mg/dl.

  C.110 mg/dl.

  D.130 mg/dl.

  参考答案:C

  第55题单选 What column of a newspaper is most likely to have this article?

  A.Technology.

  B.Entertainment.

  C.Education.

  D.Health.

  参考答案:D

  V. Daily Conversation( 15 points)

  Directions:Pick out appropriate expressions from the eight choices below and complete thefollowing dialogue by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

  根据下面选项回答下面试题:

  A.Thanks, Daddy

  B.I'm proud of you

  C.You can't believe it

  D.Congratulations

  E.What makes the day so important

  F.Cheer up

  G.It's a wonderful day

  H.Is that true

  Father: How's your day at school, Costa?

  Costa: 56, Daddy! It's a day I will nev.~er forget.Father:Oh,is it? 57,my son?

  Costa:I have been made the chairman of the Students' Association.Father :That's great.58 !

  Costa: 59

  Father :That's really nice. You stood first in the examination and now you have won the chairman-ship.60,my'son.

  Costa : Thank you, Daddy.

  you, Daddy.

  第56题简答 填入(56)处的最佳答案是()。

  参考答案:G

  第57题简答 填入(57)处的最佳答案是()。

  参考答案:E

  第58题简答 填入(58)处的最佳答案是()。

  参考答案:D

  第59题简答 填入(59)处的最佳答案是()。

  参考答案:A

  第60题简答 填入(60)处的最佳答案是()。

  参考答案:B

  VI. Writing ( 25 points)

  Directions:For this part, you are supposed to write an essay in English in 100 ~ 120 wordsbased on the following information. Remember to write it clearly.

  第61题简答 你(Li Yuan)的班级即将组织一次郊游(picnic),请你给你的外籍教师(Steve)写封信,内容包括:

  ·邀请他参加此项活动;

  ·介绍活动的具体安排和内容(如时间、地点等);·告知需要做的准备(如着装、自备午餐等);

  ·希望他参加并尽快给予答复。

  参考答案:略。

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